Largest State in India by Area and Population

Rajasthan stands as largest state in India, covering an expansive 342,239 square kilometers and holding the eighth position in terms of population. Dominated by a predominately arid climate, the region encompasses the extensive Thar Desert, the country’s largest arid expanse. Despite its arid nature, Rajasthan showcases diverse landscapes, ranging from mountainous terrain to verdant pockets of forests. This varied topography creates a habitat that supports a rich array of wildlife, including tigers, lions, leopards and elephants.

Rajasthan is a popular tourist destination, known for its forts, palaces, and temples. The city of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, is a popular tourist destination. It is known for its Hawa Mahal (Palace of the Winds), Amber Fort, and Jantar Mantar (an astronomical observatory).

India Largest State 2023

The majority are unaware of India’s most populous and extensive states, as well as its largest union territory by both population and area. Presently, India comprises 28 states and 8 union territories. Rajasthan stands as the largest state in terms of area, covering 342,239 square kilometers, with Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra following suit. Uttar Pradesh takes the lead as the most populous state, succeeded by Maharashtra and Bihar. This overview encompasses details about the areas and populations of Indian states and union territories.

Largest State in India By Area

India’s largest state in terms of area is Rajasthan which covers 342,239 sq. km area, followed by Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh.

Here is the list of largest states of India in terms of area till 4th August 2023:

S. No. State Area (sq. km)
1. Rajasthan 342,239
2. Madhya Pradesh 308,245
3. Maharashtra 307,713
4. Uttar Pradesh 240,928
5. Gujarat 196,024
6. Karnataka 191,791
7. Andhra Pradesh 162,968
8. Odisha 155,707
9. Chhattisgarh 135,191
10. Tamil Nadu 130,058
11. Telangana 112,077
12. Bihar 94,163
13. West Bengal 88,752
14. Arunachal Pradesh 83,743
15. Jharkhand 79,714
16. Assam 78,438
17. Himachal Pradesh 55,673
18. Uttarakhand 53,483
19. Punjab 50,362
20. Haryana 44,212
21. Kerala 38,963
22. Meghalaya 22,429
23. Manipur 22,327
24. Mizoram 21,081
25. Nagaland 16,579
26. Tripura 10,486
27. Sikkim 7,096
28. Goa 3,702

Rajasthan, Largest State in India

Some of the main points related to India’s largest state, Rajasthan are as follows:

  • Rajasthan is the largest state in terms of area, covering over 342,239 area.
  • It is located in the northwestern part of India.
  • Rajasthan shares its borders with five other Indian states and Pakistan.
  • The state is known for its diverse topography, ranging from the Thar Desert to fertile plains.
  • Rajasthan is home to numerous beautiful lakes, including Lake Pichola and Sambhar Salt Lake.
  • The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur, also known as the “Pink City.”
  • Rajasthan has a rich historical heritage with numerous forts and palaces, like the iconic Amber Fort and City Palace.
  • The Pushkar Camel Fair is a popular annual event in Rajasthan that attracts tourists from around the world.
  • Rajasthan is a hub of cultural vibrancy, with vibrant folk music and dance forms like Ghoomar and Kalbelia.
  • The state has a rich handicraft tradition, producing intricate textiles, pottery and jewellery.

Largest State in India by Population

India’s largest state in terms of population is Uttar Pradesh with a population of 199,812,341. 

Here is the list of largest states of India in terms of population:

S. No. State Population
1. Uttar Pradesh 199,812,341
2. Maharashtra 112,372,333
3. Bihar 104,099,452
4. West Bengal 91,276,115
5. Andhra Pradesh 84,580,777
6. Madhya Pradesh 72,626,809
7. Tamil Nadu 72,147,030
8. Rajasthan 68,548,437
9. Karnataka 61,095,297
10. Gujarat 60,439,692
11. Odisha 41,974,218
12. Telangana 35,198,978
13. Kerala 33,406,061
14. Jharkhand 32,988,134
15. Assam 31,205,576
16. Punjab 27,743,338
17. Haryana 25,545,198
18. Chhattisgarh 25,351,462
19. Uttarakhand 10,086,292
20. Himachal Pradesh 6,864,602
21. Tripura 3,673,917
22. Meghalaya 2,966,889
23. Manipur 2,855,794
24. Nagaland 1,978,502
25. Goa 1,458,502
26. Arunachal Pradesh 1,458,545
27. Mizoram 1,097,206
28. Sikkim 610,577

Largest State in terms of  Population: Uttar Pradesh

Some of the key points related to largest state of India in terms of population which is Uttar Pradesh are as follows:

  • Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with over 200 million people.
  • It is located in the northern part of India and has a diverse cultural and linguistic landscape.
  • The state capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow, known for its historical significance and architectural heritage.
  • Agra, another major city in the state, is home to the iconic Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
  • The state has a rich historical heritage, with landmarks like the Red Fort in Agra and the Bara Imambara in Lucknow.
  • Uttar Pradesh is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, such as Dudhwa National Park and Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Uttar Pradesh is a place of pilgrimage for people of various faiths including Hindus, Buddhists and Jains due to its numerous temples, shrines and historical sites.

Largest State in India – Map


The largest state in India, geographically spanning diverse landscapes and cultures, is Rajasthan. Known for its expansive deserts, historic forts, and vibrant traditions, Rajasthan is a tapestry of history and natural beauty. From the iconic Thar Desert to majestic palaces, this state captures the essence of India’s rich heritage, making it a compelling destination for travelers and history enthusiasts alike.



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