Fresh Oil Discovery in Krishna-Godavari Basin by ONGC

The recent announcement by the Indian government regarding a fresh oil discovery in the Krishna-Godavari Basin signifies a major breakthrough in the country’s energy sector. The discovery, led by the state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), is located near Kakinada’s coastline in the Bay of Bengal.

Key Details of the Discovery

  • Location and Scope: The oil has been extracted from the Krishna Godavari Deep-Water Block 98/2, approximately 30 kilometers off the coast of Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh. This new crude discovery in the Krishna-Godavari Basin is a pivotal moment in India’s energy landscape.
  • Operational Status: As of January 2024, four of the 26 wells in the basin are operational, with plans to increase this number significantly.
  • Production Capacity: Union Petroleum Minister Hardeep Singh Puri announced that the production is expected to reach 45,000 barrels per day by mid-2024, which will account for about 7% of India’s total crude oil production.
  • Project Phases: The project is nearing the completion of Phase-2, with Phase-3, aimed at peak oil and gas production, underway and expected to conclude by June 2024.
  • Impact on ONGC’s Production: This project is anticipated to increase ONGC’s total oil and gas production by 11% and 15%, respectively.

Significance and Impact

  • Energy Security: India, as the world’s third-largest oil importer and consumer, heavily relies on global markets for crude oil. This discovery is a significant step towards energy self-reliance and reduces dependency on imported oil.
  • Economic Implications: The successful extraction and production of oil in the Krishna-Godavari Basin enhance India’s position in the global oil market and fortify its energy security.
  • Resilience Amid Challenges: The project showcases resilience in the face of global challenges, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, which had caused some delays in the project that initially started in 2016-17.
  • National Pride and Strategic Importance: The discovery aligns with India’s growing needs for energy security and marks a pivotal moment in the nation’s pursuit of reducing oil import dependence.

Future Outlook

  • With the Krishna Godavari Basin’s potential for peak production, India’s journey towards energy self-reliance receives a major boost. The strategic exploration and operational efficiency of ONGC highlight the importance of deep-water oil exploration in India’s energy landscape.
  • The discovery is a testament to national pride and the country’s capability to overcome global challenges like the COVID-19 pandemic.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. Where is the newly discovered oil field in the Krishna-Godavari Basin located?
a) 10 kilometres off the coast of Mumbai
b) 30 kilometres off the coast of Kakinada
c) 50 kilometres off the coast of Chennai
d) 20 kilometres off the coast of Vishakhapatnam

Q2. Which Indian government-owned corporation is leading the oil discovery project in the Krishna-Godavari Basin?
a) Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
b) Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
c) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
d) Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)

Q3. As of January 2024, how many wells in the Krishna-Godavari Basin are operational?
a) 10
b) 26
c) 4
d) 15

Q4. What is the expected production capacity of the Krishna-Godavari Basin project by mid-2024?
a) 10,000 barrels per day
b) 30,000 barrels per day
c) 45,000 barrels per day
d) 60,000 barrels per day

Q5. What percentage of India’s total crude oil production is expected to be contributed by this new discovery by mid-2024?
a) 3%
b) 5%
c) 7%
d) 10%

Kindly share your responses in the comment section.

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